HAMILTON, ALEXANDER, JAMES MADISON, and JOHN JAY.
The Federalist: A Collection of Essays Written in Favour of the New Constitution. New York: John and Andrew M’Lean, 1788
First edition. This splendid example of The Federalist is one of a very small number of special deluxe copies printed on thick paper.
Discorsi e Dimostrazioni Matematiche, Intorno a Due Nuoue Scienze attenenti alla mecanica & movimenti locali …. Leiden: Elzevir, 1638
First edition, the rare first issue, of the Two New Sciences, Galileo’s greatest work. Galileo’s “Mathematical Discourses and Demonstrations … is now considered by most scientists as Galileo’s greatest work. … It was upon his foundations that Huygens, Newton and others were able to erect the frame of the science of dynamics, and to extend its range (with the concept of universal gravitation) to the heavenly bodies” (PMM).
(English) Common Sense; Addressed to the Inhabitants of America . . . the third edition [bound with:] Large Additions to Common Sense. Philadelphia: R. Bell, 1776
FIRST EDITION, FIRST PRINTING sheets of Common Sense, here with the third edition title page and prefatory leaf. “It is not too much to say that the Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776, was due more to Paine’s Common Sense than to any other single piece of writing” (Streeter).
(English) Discours de la Méthode pour bien Conduire sa Raison & Chercher la Vérité dans les Sciences. Leiden: Jan Maire, 1637
First edition of Descartes’s first published work, one of the most influential volumes in the history of science and philosophy.
MALTHUS, THOMAS ROBERT
(English) A collection of four autograph letters signed to Francis Horner. East India College, Hertford, 1811-1813
In this outstanding series of unpublished letters, Thomas Robert Malthus discusses many of his principal interests including population, demography, gold bullion and the bullion controversy, controversies with David Ricardo, the prices of precious metals in world markets, and international trade.
SPINOZA, BENEDICT DE
Tractatus Theologico-Politicus continens dissertationes aliquot.. Hamburg [Amsterdam]: Heinrich Künraht, 1670
First edition of this landmark of 17th-century thought, the only book Spinoza published in his lifetime. “Spinoza’s thought, a fusion of Cartesian rationalism and the Hebraic tradition in which he grew up, is a solitary but crystal clear exposition of the theory of natural right. He defends with eloquence the liberty of thought and speech in speculative matters, and the Tractatus contains the first clear statement of the independence of each other of philosophy and religion” (PMM).
(English) The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788. To deliberate and decide on the Form of Federal Government recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia, on the 17th September, 1787. Taken in short hand. New York: Francis Childs, 1788
(English) Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en General, traduit de l’Anglois.. “Londres [Paris]: Fletcher Gyles”, 1755
First edition of the book that is, “more emphatically than any other single work, the cradle of political economy”