BATESON, SAUNDERS, and PUNNETT
(English) Reports to the Evolution Committee of the Royal Society. Reports I–V.. London: Royal Society, 1902-1909 
FIRST EDITIONS. A splendid association copy, from the library of Caroline Pellew with her signed inscription: “C. Pellew Ink corrections taken from W. Bateson’s corrections in his own copy.”
(English) Autograph Letter Signed to C. C. Maxwell. No place, Sept. 26, 1857
In this wonderful letter Faraday discusses the famous experiment in which Galileo is said to have dropped spheres of different masses to show that their time of descent was independent of their masses. Though said by some to have been a thought experiment, this was one of the most famous demonstrations in the history of science. The experiment disproved Aristotle’s theory of gravity and helped usher in the era of modern science.
(English) The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. London: John Murray, 1871
FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE, with the uncorrected text in Vol. I and with the list of errata on the verso of the title-page in Vol. II. Freeman observes that “there are important textual differences” between the two issues of the first edition. One of these, later rectified with the removal of long passages from the second issue, is pointed out in the first issue’s inserted slip referring to “a serious an unfortunate error, in relation to the sexual differences of animals.”
HUXLEY, THOMAS HENRY
(English) Darwiniana. London: Macmillan, 1893
FIRST EDITION. A spectacular Darwin association copy, presented by Thomas Henry Huxley to Joseph Dalton Hooker, with an engraved “From the author” slip on the front pastedown above which is written “Sir J. D. Hooker.”
ELSHOLTZ ,JOHANN SIGISMUND
(English) The Curious Distillatory. London: Printed by J. D. for Robert Boulter, 1677
First edition in English. Elsholtz (1623-1688), who studied at Padua, was physician to Elector Friedrich Wilhelm and director of the botanical garden at Brandenburg.
VIGUIER ,S. A.
Table for Transmitting Chinese Despatches by Telegraph, containing all characters employed in official, commercial, or private correspondence of Chinese, and their translation in numbers. Shanghai: Printed at the American Presbyterian Mission Press, 1871
FIRST EDITION. The Great Northern Telegraph Company introduced the telegraph in China in 1871. This rare volume enabled its use in Chinese, marking an epoch in the history of commerce.
(DARWIN, CHARLES.) HUXLEY, THOMAS HENRY.
(English) Charles Robert Darwin [obituary notice]. In Proceedings of the Royal Society. Vol. XLIV, No. 269. London: Royal Society, 1888
FIRST EDITION. Huxley’s 25-page reminiscence of his friend Charles Darwin is the most famous contemporary notice of Darwin’s life and death. Huxley, “Darwin’s bulldog,” was the naturalist’s most important and most passionate defender.
ADAMS ,JOHN COUCH
(English) An Explanation of the Observed Irregularities in the Motion of Uranus, on the Hypothesis of Disturbances caused by a more Distant Planet. London: Published by the Society, 1847.
The discovery of Neptune is highlighted by two singular features: that its existence was correctly surmised on a theoretical prediction, and the contention between its contemporaneous discoverers, British astronomer John Adams and French mathematician Urbain Le Verrier.
“I like this photograph much better than any other which has been taken of me.” – Darwin on the Cameron portrait(DARWIN, CHARLES.) Cameron, Julia Margaret
(English) Charles Darwin. London, London, 
THE GREAT DARWIN PORTRAIT, Julia Margaret Cameron’s 1868 portrait of Darwin is probably the most famous photograph of a 19th-century scientist. Darwin remarked, “I like this photograph much better than any other which has been taken of me.”