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    “Über einen der Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtpunkt” in Annalen der Physik, 4. Folge, 17 Band, No. 6. Leipzig, 1905

    FIRST EDITION. This Nobel prize award winning paper on the photon and the photoelectric effect is one of the three great papers from 1905, Einstein annus mirabilis.



    “Die wagerecht Lage während des Gleitfluges” in Illustrirte Aëronautische Mittheilungen. Strassburg, July, 1901

    FIRST PRINTING. This paper by Wilbur Wright contains the first publication of a photograph of a Wright aircraft. This article and another also published in July 1901 (in Aeronautical Journal) “constitute the first aeronautical writings of the brothers to appear in print” (Renstrom, Bibliography of the Wright Brothers). The present German publication, however, “has the historical distinction of being the first illustration to appear anywhere in the world of a Wright aircraft” (Gibbs-Smith, Invention of the Aeroplane, p. 306).



    Einstein’s first four published papers. Leipzig, Annalen der Physik, Leipzig, 1901-1904

    FIRST EDITIONS of Einstein’s first four published papers.



    Collection of books from the debates over Darwinism. Various places, 1861-1897



    An Explanation of the Observed Irregularities in the Motion of Uranus, on the Hypothesis of Disturbances caused by a more Distant Planet. London: Published by the Society, 1847.

    The discovery of Neptune is highlighted by two singular features: that its existence was correctly surmised on a theoretical prediction, and the contention between its contemporaneous discoverers, British astronomer John Adams and French mathematician Urbain Le Verrier.



    “Theorie der Lichterzeugung und Lichtabsorption” [and] “Prinzip von der Erhaltung der Schwerpunktsbewegung und die Trägheit der Energie” in Annalen der Physik, 4. Folge, Band 20. Leipzig, 1906

    FIRST EDITION of “On the Theory of Light Production and Light Absorption” and “The Principle of Conservation of Motion of the Center of Gravity and the Inertia of Energy.”



    Studies Scientific and Social. London: Macmillan, 1900

    First edition. In the preface Wallace states that these essays represent his “more important” articles published in periodicals from 1865 to 1899. He notes, “Many of these are connected with the modern theory of evolution, others with important geological and physical questions … I have, whenever possible, introduced copious illustrations, and this has led me in many cases so to modify and enlarge the original article as to render it a new piece of work. Those which did not lend themselves to illustration have received a careful revision.”



    Elements of the Theory and Practice of Chymistry. London: Millar and Nourse, 1758

    FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of Macquer’s Elémens de chymie-theorique (1749) and Elémens de chymie-pratique (1751), translated by Andrew Reid from the 1756 editions. The theoretical section lays out the principles of chemistry, and the practical section presents a course of chemistry including engravings of apparatus.



    The Geographical Distribution of Animals with a study of the relations of living and extinct faunas as elucidating the past changes of the earth’s surface. London: Macmillan, 1876

    First edition of the foundation work of zoogeography. “Relying on data he had collected on families and genera of terrestrial vertebrates, Wallace established evolutionary zoogeography on its modern foundation. Wallace’s evolutionary approach to zoogeography provided a rock-solid factual basis for evolutionary biology” (DSB).



    “Plancks Gesetz und Lichtquantenhypothese” in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, vol. 25-26. Braunschweig and Berlin, 1924

    “With their work Bose and Einstein established the field of quantum statistics one year before the appearance of quantum mechanics” (Brandt, The Harvest of a Century)