GODDARD, ROBERT H
Liquid-Propellant Rocket Development. Washington: Smithsonian, 1936
FIRST EDITION. Robert Goddard, the father of modern rocket propulsion, launched the world’s first liquid-propellant rocket in 1926, a “feat as epochal in history as that of the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk” (NASA). This is Carl Sagan’s copy, with his bookplate.
“Ueber die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Waerme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Fluessigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen” in Annalen der Physik, 4. Folge, 17 Band, No. 8. Leipzig, 1905
FIRST EDITION. “On the Movement of Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid Demanded by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat” appears here on pp. 549-560. This landmark paper on Brownian motion is one of the three great papers from 1905, Einstein annus mirabilis.
(EINSTEIN, ALBERT.) Merl LaVoy
Photograph of Einstein holding a home movie camera, pointing it at the pioneering documentary filmmaker Merl LaVoy. [possibly Los Angeles], [c. 1931]
This photograph shows Einstein turning a Cine-Kodak home movie camera, the first 16mm camera, on noted documentary filmmaker Merl LaVoy. LaVoy was famous for his globe-trotting filmmaking for Pathé News. Einstein stands with his second wife Elsa.
“Die wagerecht Lage während des Gleitfluges” in Illustrirte Aëronautische Mittheilungen. Strassburg, July, 1901
FIRST PRINTING. This paper by Wilbur Wright contains the first publication of a photograph of a Wright aircraft. This article and another also published in July 1901 (in Aeronautical Journal) “constitute the first aeronautical writings of the brothers to appear in print” (Renstrom, Bibliography of the Wright Brothers). The present German publication, however, “has the historical distinction of being the first illustration to appear anywhere in the world of a Wright aircraft” (Gibbs-Smith, Invention of the Aeroplane, p. 306).
“Über einen der Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtpunkt” in Annalen der Physik, 4. Folge, 17 Band, No. 6. Leipzig, 1905
FIRST EDITION. This Nobel prize award winning paper on the photon and the photoelectric effect is one of the three great papers from 1905, Einstein annus mirabilis.
“Physikalischer Grundlagen einer Gravitationstheorie” [and] MARCEL GROSSMANN. “Mathematische Begriffsbildungen zur Gravitationstheorie.” Offprint from Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellchaft in Zürich. Zurich, 1913
FIRST EDITION, the rare offprint with “Überreicht von den Verfassern” printed on the front wrapper.
In 1912 Einstein moved back to Zürich from Prague. Aware of the analogy between Gauss’s surface theory and the space-time Einstein was introducing in his new theory of gravitation, he wished to find a four-dimensional version of Gauss’s theory. Einstein recalled,
“I like this photograph much better than any other which has been taken of me.” – Darwin on the Cameron portrait(DARWIN, CHARLES.) Cameron, Julia Margaret
Charles Darwin. London, London, 
THE GREAT DARWIN PORTRAIT, Julia Margaret Cameron’s 1868 portrait of Darwin is probably the most famous photograph of a 19th-century scientist. Darwin remarked, “I like this photograph much better than any other which has been taken of me.”
ADAMS ,JOHN COUCH
An Explanation of the Observed Irregularities in the Motion of Uranus, on the Hypothesis of Disturbances caused by a more Distant Planet. London: Published by the Society, 1847.
The discovery of Neptune is highlighted by two singular features: that its existence was correctly surmised on a theoretical prediction, and the contention between its contemporaneous discoverers, British astronomer John Adams and French mathematician Urbain Le Verrier.
“Theorie der Lichterzeugung und Lichtabsorption” [and] “Prinzip von der Erhaltung der Schwerpunktsbewegung und die Trägheit der Energie” in Annalen der Physik, 4. Folge, Band 20. Leipzig, 1906
FIRST EDITION of “On the Theory of Light Production and Light Absorption” and “The Principle of Conservation of Motion of the Center of Gravity and the Inertia of Energy.”