ADAMS ,JOHN COUCH
An Explanation of the Observed Irregularities in the Motion of Uranus, on the Hypothesis of Disturbances caused by a more Distant Planet. London: Published by the Society, 1847.
The discovery of Neptune is highlighted by two singular features: that its existence was correctly surmised on a theoretical prediction, and the contention between its contemporaneous discoverers, British astronomer John Adams and French mathematician Urbain Le Verrier.
“Theorie der Lichterzeugung und Lichtabsorption” [and] “Prinzip von der Erhaltung der Schwerpunktsbewegung und die Trägheit der Energie” in Annalen der Physik, 4. Folge, Band 20. Leipzig, 1906
FIRST EDITION of “On the Theory of Light Production and Light Absorption” and “The Principle of Conservation of Motion of the Center of Gravity and the Inertia of Energy.”
WALLACE, ALFRED RUSSEL
Studies Scientific and Social. London: Macmillan, 1900
First edition. In the preface Wallace states that these essays represent his “more important” articles published in periodicals from 1865 to 1899. He notes, “Many of these are connected with the modern theory of evolution, others with important geological and physical questions … I have, whenever possible, introduced copious illustrations, and this has led me in many cases so to modify and enlarge the original article as to render it a new piece of work. Those which did not lend themselves to illustration have received a careful revision.”
MACQUER, PIERRE JOSEPH
Elements of the Theory and Practice of Chymistry. London: Millar and Nourse, 1758
FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of Macquer’s Elémens de chymie-theorique (1749) and Elémens de chymie-pratique (1751), translated by Andrew Reid from the 1756 editions. The theoretical section lays out the principles of chemistry, and the practical section presents a course of chemistry including engravings of apparatus.
BOSE, SATYENDRA NATH and ALBERT EINSTEIN.
“Plancks Gesetz und Lichtquantenhypothese” in Zeitschrift fuer Physik, vol. 25-26. Braunschweig and Berlin, 1924
“With their work Bose and Einstein established the field of quantum statistics one year before the appearance of quantum mechanics” (Brandt, The Harvest of a Century)
Horse-Hoeing Husbandry: or, An Essay on the Principles of Vegetation and Tillage. Designed to Introduce A New Method of Culture; whereby The Produce of Land will be Increased, and the Usual Expense Lessened. Together with Accurate Descriptions and Cuts of the Instruments Employed in it … fourth edition, very carefully corrected. London: Millar, 1762
The edition that Thomas Jefferson owned. Jefferson wrote from Monticello in 1817, “While I was an amateur in Agricultural science (for practical knowledge my course of life never permitted me) I was very partial to the drilled husbandry of Tull.”
“Bateson laid great emphasis on the importance of major or discontinuous variation as the source of evolutionary change”BATESON, WILLIAM
Materials for the Study of Variation: treated with especial regard to discontinuity in the origin of species. London: Macmillan, 1894
FIRST EDITION. This was “Bateson’s major scientific work before his rediscovery of Mendel’s laws. Like many other scientists during the last decades of the nineteenth century, Bateson rejected the orthodox Darwinian doctrine of natural selection… Bateson laid great emphasis on the importance of major or discontinuous variation as the source of evolutionary change” (Norman 134).
“Allgemeinen molekulare Theorie der Wärme” in Annalen der Physik, 4. Folge, Band 14. Leipzig, Annalen der Physik, 1904
FIRST EDITION of Einstein’s fifth published paper, “On the General Molecular Theory of Heat” (pp. 354-362). Weil 5.
(EINSTEIN, ALBERT). DUKAS, HELEN and BANESH HOFFMANN
Albert Einstein: the Human Side. Princeton: University Press, 1979
FIRST EDITION. Presentation copy inscribed by Einstein’s longtime assistant Helen Dukas: “For Lisa Ben Samuel with kindest regards and Shalom Helen Dukas Princeton N.J. March 1980.”
Thomson, William, Lord Kelvin
Reports Regarding Sir William Thomson’s Compass and Sounding Machine. Glasgow: University Press [for Thomson], 1877
An important early offering brochure regarding the sale of the first modern compass and early navigational aids. This is a price list and an extensive collection of reports and testimonial letters from ship captains concerning Thomson’s sounding apparatus (the first to use wire instead of hemp) and compass. “The modern compass dates from 1876, when Sir William Thomson patented his dry-card compass” (Singer, History of Technology V). Thomson was deeply interested in the application of science to industry, and he apparently prepared this rare, ephemeral publication to promote his products, which helped to make him a wealthy man. This brochure includes a detailed price list for Thomson’s navigational instruments.