(U.S. CAPITOL.) Photographer unidentified
East Front of the Capitol. Washington, August 31, 1864
This rare photograph shows the East Front of the U.S. Capitol during construction. Sawhorses and construction debris are visible in the foreground, while a number of figures, perhaps builders and the architect, stand at the head of the main stairs beneath Thomas Crawford’s pediment of The Progress of Civilization.
(U.S. CAPITOL.) Alexander Gardner
East Front of the Capitol. Washington, c. 1864
This photograph by Alexander Gardner shows the Capitol as it was during Lincoln’s presidency. Scaffolding, cranes, ladders, and other construction equipment are visible. The East Front of the Capitol was the site of Lincoln’s inaugurations in 1861 and 1865.
Black woman with white child. No place, c. 1870-90
This delightful photograph shows a kind-looking young black woman sitting with a somewhat sour-looking young white child. Both are finely dressed for the occasion, the woman in an elegant dress with lace collar and the child in a dress with an elaborate lace collar. The photographer has highlighted in gold the fine jewelry each wears
(BLACK LABOR & INDUSTRY IN THE SOUTH.)
Phosphate mining in South Carolina. South Carolina, c. 1867
This huge 11 x 15 in. print documents the early mining of phosphate for fertilizer, a key postwar Southern industry. Dozens of black men dig phosphate from the ground around the Ashley River and load it into horse-drawn carts on rails. A white man leaning against a cart in the foreground looks directly at the camera. Most of the men are barefoot. The Ashley River is visible in the background.
Mortar Dictator, in Front of Petersburg. Petersburg, Va., October 1864
This fascinating photograph is a variant of the image shown in Gardner’s Photographic Sketch Book of the War. In that image, a group of Union officers including the chief of artillery of the Army of the Potomac stands in the foreground, while five members of the mortar crew stand in the background. In the present photograph, shells have been moved to the foreground, and the full crew of nine men is present. The photographs are otherwise essentially identical.
(CUMBERLAND LANDING.) Gibson, James and John Wood
Inspection of Union Troops at Cumberland Landing, Pamunkey, Virginia. Cumberland Landing, Virginia, May 1862
This famous view shows a Union Army encampment at Cumberland Landing on the Pamunkey in Virginia.
(PONTOON BRIDGE.) Photographer unidentified
Pontoon bridges across the James River at Richmond, Virginia. Richmond, 1865
This rare photograph shows two parallel pontoon bridges stretching across the James River at Richmond, Virginia, near war’s end. The Army Corps of Engineers constructed these bridges after retreating Confederate forces burned the bridges in 1865. The Dunlop Mills are seen on the other side of the river.
(STOWE, HARRIET BEECHER.) John A. Whipple
Harriet Beecher Stowe. Boston, 1853
This is a fine salt print portrait of Harriet Beecher Stowe by John A. Whipple, a leading early American portrait photographer.